The House of Representatives of the US is among the two houses of the US Congress alongside the Senate. The powers and the composition of the House were established in the Article one of the US states constitution.
Its major power is to pass and approve federal legislation which influences the whole country, though its bills should be reviewed and approved by the Senate as well and it will then be agreed by the president of the United States before the bills will become law, except when the Senate and the House re-pass the legislation in a 2/3 majority in every chamber. The chamber comes with a number of exclusive powers and those are the right to pledge revenue bills, the power to impeach officials as well as to elect the US President in case there’s no majority within the Electoral College.
Every state of United States is represented in the House of Representatives in proportion to the population of it as gauged in the census yet every state in entitled to even one representative. California is the state with the biggest number of population and as of now, it comes with 523 representatives. In the other end, there are 7 states with just one representative respectively. These states are Alaska, Montana, Delaware, North Dakota, Vermont, South Dakota, and Wyoming.
The sum of the voting representatives will be fixed by the law at 435. Aside from that, there are 6 non-voting representatives with voice on the ground and also, a vote within the committees, yet without vote on the ground. The Speaker of the US House of Representatives is the one who presides on the chamber and he or she is elected by members of the house and it is therefore the House Republican Conference or the leader of the House Democratic Caucus.
In the Articles of Confederation, the Congress of the Confederation was a unicameral body wherein every state has been equally represented and each state comes with a veto on most action. After 8 years of a much limited national government under the Articles, different political leaders like James Madison as well as Alexander Hamilton decided to initiate the Constitutional Convention way back in 1787 that obtained the permission of the Confederation Congress to revise the Articles of Confederation. Only the state of Rhode Island refused to send delegates.
The issue associated with how to structure the Congress was among the most divisive on the founders throughout the Convention. The Virginia Plan of Edmund Randolph requested for the bicameral Congress wherein the lower house will be in the favor of the people.
The House is called the lower house while the Senate is the upper house though the US Constitution doesn’t use these terms. The approval of the lower and upper houses is important for the passage of lawmaking. The Virginia Plan drew the support of the delegates from huge states like Massachusetts, Virginia, and Pennsylvania, while it called for a representation according to the population. On the other hand, the smaller states were in favor of the New Jersey Plan that called for unicameral congress that has equal representation for all the states of the US.